Applied Research

Modify THE RELATIONSHIP TO SPACE to CHANGE THE SENSE OF SPACE

Applications on school space, Method, Publications

Applied research by Dimitris Germanos concerns the study of the child's space with a view to improving school space. 

It aims to remove the stereotypical elements of the spatial framework that impede the creative development of the learning process and make the child's space the material framework for the functioning of the school.

In the field, it is applied by an architectural and pedagogical approach of the design that it has elaborated, the method of "Pedagogical and  Architectural Space Design" (The PASD Method).

His research path led him to propose four new types of experimental school space: The Multipurpose Classroom, the Educational and Cultural School Centers, the Open Educational and Cultural Spaces, the Educational and Spontaneous Places in school.

Their architectural and educational features are adapted to the pedagogical characteristics of the cooperative class and, at the same time, they aim to promote the child's overall development -academic, psychological and socio-cultural.

Applications: CREATION OF FOUR TYPES OF SCHOOL SPACE, WHICH PROMOTE EDUCATIONAL INNOVATION

MULTIPURPOSE CLASSROOMS*

Architectural design is associated with a pedagogical and psycho-social approach.

The main objective of this design approach is to create spaces that contribute to the implementation of modes of communication and interaction related to the application of cooperative education.

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Multipurpose Classrooms.pdf
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*The photos marked by * show spaces created with the DPE method as part of Dimitri Germanos' architectural and educational design projects.

Educational & Cultural School Centers (ECSC)*

The architectural design of the Cultural Educational Centre (ECS Centre) proposes to correlate the arrangement and use of space both with access to information, and with the academic, social and cultural development of the child.

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ECSC Centers.pdf
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Outdoor EDUCATIonal And CULTURaL Spaces*

In Outdoor Classroom we encounter many flexible micro-environments, such as small spaces that can function alternatively in many different ways:

  • Spaces that aim to improve the relationship between school and city, as well as contact between different age groups
  • Flexible running school classes
  • Outdoor Classes 

These spaces are alternatively used for academic and cultural learning activities, as well as for the emotional, social and physical development of children and adolescents.


**The photos marked by ** are taken during research-action projects led by Dimitri Germanos; these projects concern the "child-space" relationship and the creation of places at school by children.

School Space Comprising Places Created by Children**

The place is a real space, redefined by the subject and loaded with meanings relating to his needs and his imagination.

It can be created spontaneously by the children, if they have the freedom to intervene to the space during the class. But, its creation can also be planned by both, the architect and the teacher, and integrated into the functioning of the classroom.

In our research, the integration of educational spaces in the classroom has revealed to us a new innovative spatial model, according to which class space is defined following the successive rearrangements resulting from its use.

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Educational Places.pdf
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MEthod

THE THEORETICAL BASIS: The Human-CENTrIc APPROACH TO Physical SPACE**

"Space is not primitively an order between things, it is rather a quality of things in relation to ourselves."

Henri Wallon

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Human-centric approach to Space.pdf
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APPLICATION IN Architectural DESIGN: THE "U"(USER) APPROACH**

"Construction is made to last, Architecture to excite."

Le Corbusier

 

A Human-centric approach to the design of school space, centered on the user.

Left: Examples of school spaces redesigned with the PASD method.

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10+3 principles in school space design
DesignPrinciples.pdf
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**The photos presented above are taken during research-action projects led by Dimitri Germanos; these projects concern the "child-space" relationship and the creation of places at school by children.

THE TOOL FOR THE DESIGN OF LEARNING SPACES:

THE METHOD OF PEDAGOGICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL SPACE DESIGN (PASD)

The research path of Dimitris Germanos, based on the evaluation of the pedagogical and architectural redesign projects that he carried out with the "U" Approach, led him to the elaboration of the method of "Pedagogical and Architectural Space Design". 

The PASD method is an architectural design approach based on a framework of pedagogical, psychosocial and architectural criteria, which aims to make the child's space the material framework for the educational functioning of the modern school.

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The PASD Method.pdf
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Portfolio : Before and after the change of school space with the PASD method.


Publications

 

Most publications of Dimitris Germanos are based on proprietary research, whereby he provides an evaluation of his applied work. His publications can be classified in three main categories:

  • The Pedagogical and Architectural Space Design (application of the PASD Method)
  • Space as a tool for children to learn and socialize
  • The importance of architectural space design for the educational change.

Follow above some of his main publications. 

Germanos, D. (2019). Creating the child's space at school: The "U" approach and the Pedagogical Space Design.

Germanos, D. (2015). The place as factor of the pedagogical quality of space.


Dimitris Germanos Publications

In : Tsoukala, K., Germanos, D. (ed.) (2019). Spaces for the child or spaces of the child? Interdisciplinary Congress Proceedings with International Participation,Thessaloniki, 19-21/5/2017. Athens : Hellenic National Documentation Center, 40-59.

Congress Proceedings: 

https://eproceedings.epublishing.ekt.gr/index.php/childspace/article/view/1427

Keywords: User approach; school space; spatial flexibility; location ; Pedagogical and Architectural Space Design. Language: GR 

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Symposium Paper
Germanos_Child'sSpace_Paper.pdf
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Germanos, D., Gkloumpou, A. (2019). The child creates his own space: architectural, educational and psychosocial factors.

Dimitris Germanos Publications

In: Tsoukala, K., Germanos, D. (ed.) Children’s Spaces or Spaces for Children? Interdisciplinary Congress Proceedings with International Participation,Thessaloniki, 19-21/5/2017. Athens : Hellenic National Documentation Center1, 135-151.

Congress Proceedings:

https://eproceedings.epublishing.ekt.gr/index.php/childspace/article/view/1431

Keywords: Space of the child; school space; architectural and educational design of space; educational change.. Language: GR.

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Congress Paper
A child creates his own space.pdf
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Germanos, D. (2009). The educational redesign of school space, a means of transition from the traditional classroom to a multicultural cooperative class.

Dimitris Germanos Publications

GERFLINT. Paris: Synergies/ Sud-Est Européen, 2, 85-101.

https://gerflint.fr/Base/SE_europeen2/germanos.pdf

Keywords: Child-space relationship, educational redesign of space, multicultural class, cooperative education, kindergarten.

LanguageFR 

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Article
Synergies_Germanos_Article.pdf
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Dimitris Germanos Publications

In: Germanos, D, Liapi, M. (eds.) (2015). Digital Proceedings of the Symposium with International Participation: "Places for Learning Experiences. Think, Make, Change". Thessaloniki, Greece, 09-10/1/  2015. Athens: Greek National Documentation Centre, 46-55.

Congress Proceedings : http://epublishing.ekt.gr/en/12240 

Keywords: Educational place, child oriented design, school space, space flexibility, educational process.

Language: EN

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Congress Paper
Germanos_Place_Paper.pdf
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Germanos, D. (2018). Research-action-training and school space as factors of educational change.

Dimitris Germanos Publications

In: Katsarou, E., Tsafos, V. (eds.) Digital Proceedings of the Symposium Defining Action Research in Greece, organized by CARN (Collaborative Action Research Network) in Greece in collaboration with the Universities of Athens and Crete. Rethymnon, 27/6/2015, 81-100.

Symposium Proceedings: 

http://www.actionresearch.gr/sites/default/files/1o_symposio.pdf 

Keywords: Research-action-training, educational space, virtual space, school class, educational change, systemic approach. Language: GR.

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Symposium Paper
Germanos_RethymnonSymposium_Proceedings.
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Germanos, D., Gavriilidis, S., Arvaniti, I. (2009). School creates its own library: A case study.

Dimitris Germanos Publications

School Libraries in the Picture. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the International Association of School Librarianship (IASL). Padova, 2-4 September 2009 (digital edition)

 http://www.iasl-online.org/events/conf/2009.

Keywords  : case study; school library development; school curriculum enhancement. 

LanguageEN  

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Symposium Paper
IASL2009_PP_GERMANOS-GAVRIILIDIS-ARVANIT
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Selection of publications, presenting the key topics of the work of Dimitri Germanos.

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Germanos Publications_Selection_EN.pdf
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See also ...

Home

Learning Spaces Dimitris Germanos Home

DESIGN Projects

Dimitris Germanos Schoolbuilding Design Projects

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Learning Spaces Dimitris Germanos